Halloween and Safety!

Great read for parents and youngsters alike. Please share and stress to your child the importance of SAFETY! Enjoy!

With Luv,


Halloween, Then and Now

Find out where trick-or-treating and jack-o’-lanterns got their start and get creative ideas for celebrating today.

Grades: 3–5, 6–8, 9–12         

The Halloween customs observed on October 31 had their beginnings long, long ago. They came from the beliefs of the druids — priests of ancient Gaul and Britain. The druids believed that witches, demons, and spirits of the dead roamed the earth on the eve of November 1. Bonfires were lit to drive the bad spirits away. To protect themselves further from the mean tricks of the bad spirits, the druids offered them good things to eat. They also disguised themselves. That way the spirits would think the druids belonged to their own evil company. Surely the spirits would not harm members of their own group! Or so the druids thought. Thus we celebrate Halloween by playing “trick or treat,” dressing up in costumes, and wearing masks.
Autumn leaves, cornstalks, apples, and nuts are a big part of the Halloween season. And they are reminders of the druids’ autumn festival in honor of the harvest.
Much later the Roman Catholic Church set aside the first day of November to honor all the saints who had no special days of their own. Saints were known as the hallowed, or holy, ones. Their special day was known as All Saints’ or All Hallows’ Day. The night before was called All Hallows’ Even. All Hallows’ Even was shortened to Halloween.

Decorating for Halloween

Part of the fun of Halloween is in preparing for it. One of the traditional decorations of this season is the jack-o’-lantern. The children in Britain and many other countries make their jack-o’-lanterns from turnips. But the pumpkin is traditional in the United States and Canada. An older child or an adult will need to carve out the top and face of the jack-o’-lantern. But children of all ages can help design the face and scoop out the seeds and pulp inside. After the seeds are washed and air-dried, they can be used to make seed pictures. Or they can be made into a tasty snack. This is done by coating them with cooking oil and roasting them in a 350°F (175°C) oven for about an hour. Just add salt and they will be ready to enjoy.
Your jack-o’-lantern can be lighted from the inside with a small flashlight or a candle. Great caution should be used around jack-o’-lanterns with candles in them. And they must be kept where they won’t fall over and out of the reach of very small children.
You might want to make an entire jack-o’-lantern figure to put on your porch for the Halloween season. Stuff an old pair of pants and a shirt with crumpled newspaper. Tuck the shirttails into the pants and safety pin them together. Pin old work gloves stuffed with paper to the shirt cuffs and tuck the cuffs of the pants into an old pair of boots. Set your figure in a chair on your porch. Rest the jack-o’-lantern head on its shoulders or, for a real surprise, on its lap. This jack-o’-lantern should not be lighted with a candle because the old clothes might catch on fire.
Party Decorations
If you are having a party for Halloween, you will certainly want to decorate at least one room in your house for it. Even if you are not having a Halloween party, it is fun to make some Halloween decorations to place around your house for the season.
Pumpkins of all sizes can be made from large and small plain paper bags. For each pumpkin, just stuff a bag with crumpled newspaper and twist the top into a stem. Paint the stem green and the rest of the bag orange. To turn the pumpkins into jack-o’-lanterns, add faces cut from black paper or drawn with a black crayon.
You can also hang pictures around the room of ghosts, witches, and other scary characters you have drawn or cut out of magazines.
You can decorate your windows with Halloween characters by using permanent markers to draw or trace Halloween pictures on see-through plastic wrap. The side of the plastic wrap not drawn on will stick to the windows. And the drawings will appear to have been made on the windows themselves. Best of all, the plastic is easily removed when Halloween is over. Keeping the lights in the room very low will help to give it a spooky feeling.

Halloween Games

If you are having a Halloween party or just looking for something to do with a group of your friends, you might want to play Halloween games. Dunking for apples is a Halloween favorite. The object of the game is to try to get an apple out of a water-filled basin using only your teeth. A drier version of this game can be played by hanging apples or doughnuts from the ceiling on strings. Then try to catch them with your teeth.
Contests for carving or drawing faces on pumpkins are popular. Or you might want to have a contest to see who can design the scariest paper bag mask. Think of your favorite traditional party games and try to turn them into Halloween games. For example, “Pin the Tail on the Donkey” could become “Pin the Nose on the Ghost.” “Drop the Clothespins in the Bottle” could become “Drop the Clothespins in the Pumpkin.”

Halloween Safety

Before you go out trick-or-treating, review the rules of Halloween safety. This is a good idea whether you are accompanied by an adult or old enough to go out with just your friends. Remember to be very careful when crossing streets. It is probably going to be very dark. Masks and other costume parts may make it harder to see oncoming traffic. Carry a flashlight with you and keep it on so that drivers can see you. Try stapling a disposable aluminum pie pan to your trick-or-treat bag. It makes an excellent reflector and will help drivers notice you.
Finally, never eat one single treat until it has been brought home and inspected by an adult. This is especially important when you have been trick-or-treating at the houses of people you do not know. It is a very sad fact that harmful substances and objects have been discovered in Halloween candy. Because of this, more and more people have decided to give small prizes such as pencils, rings, or stickers rather than something to eat.

Trick-or-Treat for Others

Often boys and girls go out on Halloween not only to trick-or-treat but to try to help other children less fortunate than themselves. In 1950 a Sunday-school class in one small American community gave up their treats of candy and apples. Instead they asked for pennies, nickels, and dimes to give the United Nations Children’s Fund. This example has been followed by other boys and girls around the country ever since.
Communities in the United States wishing to join in the movement can get the materials they need from the United States Committee for UNICEF, 331 East 38th Street, New York, New York, 10016. Boys and girls in costume ring their neighbors’ doorbells as usual on October 31. But they carry special containers that show they are taking part in the work of UNICEF. The money collected helps needy children all over the world. These trick-or-treaters get their real satisfaction on Halloween from the joy of helping others.
Kathy Ross
Director, Kenwood Nursery School

How to cite this article:

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style:
Ross, Kathy. “Halloween.” The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2014. Web. 1 Oct. 2014 (use the date you accessed this page).
Chicago Manual of Style:
Ross, Kathy. “Halloween.” The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online http://nbk.grolier.com/ncpage?tn=/encyc/article.html&id=a2012710-h&type=0ta (accessed October 1, 2014) (use the date you accessed this page).
APA (American Psychological Association) Style:
Ross, K. (2014). Halloween. The New Book of Knowledge. Retrieved October 1, 2014 (use the date you accessed this page), from Grolier Online http://nbk.grolier.com/ncpage?tn=/encyc/article.html&id=a2012710-h&type=0ta

  • Part of Collection:
  • Subjects:
    Ceremony and Tradition, Ghosts, Monsters, Vampires, Witches, Halloween, Autumn Themes
  • Skills:
    Social Studies


Photo by D. Hudson

Well, the time has come to bid farewell to October. October is such a magnificent month that offers us beauty, color, sun, crispness, pumpkins, cider, AMAZING apples; it is absolutely invigorating! What an amazing transition from summer to winter.

We captured many October photos and would love to share some of the beauty with you…

Please enjoy our


Photo by L. Johnson
Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by L. Johnson
Photo by D. Hudson

Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by D. Hudson

Photo by L. Johnson
Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by L. Johnson

Photo by L. Johnson




I cannot say that raising five children is significantly more difficult in 2015 than the 70’s and 80’s but I believe the journey to the end goal; happy, loving, morally responsible, successful and productive adults, has changed.    Why?  I believe we have a different relationship with our children than our parents had with us.   Partly, parents “back in the day” focused on respect and discipline and were not often open to communication.  

As a child the authoritative figure in our home was always our mom and grandmother; for many years dad worked and mom raised the kids.   As mom was very strict, I was literally on lock down about ¾ of my childhood. No kidding! I stayed in trouble! However, what I lacked in discipline I made up in respect as both were of the upmost importance very early.  We did not mouth off to  adults, NO whispering under our breath, you would never find us in grown folks conversation; we were not allowed in the same room as adults. In the circle of life, we were little peons in our home who did not work, pay bills, buy groceries.  Broken down to the barest of the bone, we were just GUEST! This is not implying we felt like “guest” in our homes, what our parents were conveying to us; “be appreciative of what is provided for you as you supplied none of it”.

So speed forward to our kids, 1995 and beyond.  We still focus on respect, discipline and behavior; but sprinkle on independence, open communication, friendships between parents and children (yes we wear all faces), and understanding that life is its own lesson.  I believe unequivocally children should address their concerns and ask “why?” if my answer to a question they presented to me was no. However, everything my child presents to me will be addressed in a RESPECTFUL MANNER.  This is by no means “mouthing off”; this is teaching your children how to communicate and negotiate lol.  Discipline in our home is not “go get a switch off the tree” or you cannot go outside to play! “Play outside? Really, who does that?”  That would only upset my 3 year old. Our families avenue of discipline is more along the lines of “clothes, shoes, toys, PHONES, TV, tablets, I-pods; they all belong to MOM and DAD!”  With that knowledge understand, “all items currently in your possession will be repossessed if your behavior dictates so”.

I most definitely started out as my mother, as she was my blueprint, but eventually, instinctively, I ventured into a different direction.  I entwined bits and pieces of mom and grandmothers techniques, they are/were a mountain of information. However, while I was discovering my niche, one thing I kept close and since blessed each of my children with; the knowledge that children are guest and should appreciate what is provided for their wellbeing!  We provide what you NEED as well as what you WANT kiddos; there is a difference!

With that said, raising children is such a blessing however, the clock is ticking; you are only allowed a limited amount of time and no do-over. You are attempting to instill as much as possible in a short period because 18-19 years goes by quicker than you expect; YOU WILL wake up one day asking, “What happened to the time”?  When you are raising your children in GOD, and implanting values, self-love, honesty, justice, confidence, empathy, importance of education, of family and friends, etc., all while incorporating a form of discipline specific to each child’s personality, WHOOO! It is a full time job in itself!

Despite the difference in how parents guide children into adulthood, one aspect remains the same; our journey embarks with uncertainty, fear, and LOVE. NO sacrifice is too large and NO task too difficult.
But keep the faith, at the end of the day when your kid is driving you a bit bonkers; recognize God Is Good…as our parents still have their sanity, so shall you.  

With Love,



I had a text conversation with a family member who is very dear to my heart over the past weekend and during that conversation, she said to me “I always and still believe I am fat and unpretty”.  

The first thought after reading what she wrote I immediately spoke to her “you are the most beautiful person I know INSIDE and OUT”.  This was not to placate her, or convey what “I think” I should say, but it was the absolute truth!  So, as I was carrying out my parental duties the remainder of that day, what she said would drift back into my thoughts. I was a bit confused as she is extremely beautiful, has a beautiful family, has a CAREER not a job; to include a Master’s Degree, AND most importantly has a DEVOUT relationship with GOD.

 With that said, she is younger than I am by a few years; however, I look up to her, as she has accomplished what I have not YET been able to.

What I want to convey is, no matter how it looks on the outside, on the inside we are all fighting our inner battles, the battle of the mind.  We all have them; you may believe strongly “Not Me!” but YES YOU. 

The battle I am fighting DAILY is my total lack of confidence. The possibility of coming across as a scatterbrain, not intelligent, inadequate, uneducated, a failure etc., this is my daily battle.

Yes, yes, I know we should not care what another person thinks or feels about us, we hear this all the time initiating as toddlers. However, because we hear it does not make it so, there will ALWAYS be a piece of us saying, “What are they thinking?” be it a micro piece, or a massive piece.  That insecurity is in us but the CRUCIAL difference comes in how we handle it. Do you instantly shut down that insecurity, overpower it with your confidence? Do you swim in that confidence and DENY insecurities a place within your life?! Or ultimately, do you succumb to it?

It is necessary to ask yourself “who do I have in my life that reiterates how amazing I am?”  Who offers that boost when needed, offers love, trust, understanding, reassurance and positivity that builds your inner-self and calms the battle?  Do you surround yourself with people who build your confidence or destroy it?

Empower Yourself! We are all unique! Accept the positive, and relinquish the negative!


With Love,